The mycological research in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra stems from isolated studies in the beginning of the 20th century, but regular and systematic research dates back to the 70-80s. Over the following decades several dozens of researches worked in the area and a total of about 150 scientific works were published.
Fungal Records Database of Yugra (FReDY) is an attempt to summarize the results of these studies. Presently, the database includes over 14 000 of fungal records in the region and adjacent areas, reported from 72 scientific publications.
According to the database summary report, there are currently 2888 species identified from finds in Yugra. The richest groups are the Agaricoid basidiomycetes (856 species, or 31%), Lichens (931 species, 33%) and Aphyllophoroid basidiomycetes (521 species, 19%). The less studied groups are the Ascomycetes (8%), Myxomycetes (3%), Heterobasidiomycetous fungi (<1%), and Yeasts <1%).
The FReDY database includes 23 fields describing species name, publication source, herbarium number, data of collection, geography, vegetation, substrate, and some other ecological features. We will keep developing it into a complex relational database according to the existing biological database standards.
- Content curator: Nina Filippova (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Database and the taxonomical tree layout: Sergey Bolshakov, Elena Voronina
A brief history of Mycological research in Yugra
- BIBLIOGRAPHY of Mycological publications in Yugra (pdf)
- COLLECTION of Mycological publications in Yugra (Endnote XML, archive)
Lignicolous basidiomycetes are a well-studied ecological group in the region. Viktor A. Mukhin analyzed the geography and ecology of lignicolous basidiomycetes throughout all zones of Western Siberia from the forest-steppe zone in the South to tundra-steppe in the North. He theorized on the geographic aspect of the possible origin of the local mycota, outlined species distribution ranges and analyzed ecological factors affecting them (e.g. humidity, temperature, substrate specialization, or interspecific competition). Communities of lignicolous fungi were analyzed based on forest types: dark coniferous, light coniferous, broad-leaved, small-leaved or floodplain forest communities. The stages of wood decomposition in Western Siberia are described and characterized by the sets of species of the corresponding fungal community. Finally, rare species, for the whole territory or its particular habitats and zones were revealed, with conservation recommendations.
Stanislav P. Arefyev and Iraida V. Stavishenko continued the research of lignicolous basidiomycetes in the region. They have contributed greatly to the study of species diversity in most of the region’s conservation areas and performed ecological monitoring in the areas of oil and gas extraction. I.V. Stavishenko described in detail the lignicolous macrofungi of the middle-taiga Ob basin region in her PhD thesis. S.P. Arefyev used mathematical methods of ecological modeling to predict species composition of lignicolous fungi depending on substrate characteristics, climate and disturbance level of the forest.
A variety of forest- and phytopathological studies have been carried out in the region. Stanislav P. Arefyev studied fungal pathogens of the Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica) and described the ecological causes of the diseases along with recommendations on afforestation of Siberian pine cultures. Tatiana A. Makarova with co-authors made studies on the causes and extent of the mycopathological diseases of urban spaces around the city of Surgut and in some other parts of the region.
Terricolous macrofungi are a key ecological group of saprotrophs and ectomycorrhizal species. The diversity of macrofungi was studied in a number of districts in KhMAO: the most thoroughly studied area is centered around the regional capital, Khanty-Mansiysk, and in the south-east part, in and near the Yuganskiy nature reserve). Nina V. Filippova with co-authors has been researching the species diversity and fungal community structure in forests near Khanty-Mansiysk while Elena A. Zvyagina with co-authors continuously monitors the fungal biodiversity in the Yuganskiy nature reserve. Anton G. Shiryaev has published a study of clavarioid basidiomycetes in a conservation area. In addition to annotated species lists, specific aspects of ecology, biology and abundance were described in separate works for some rare and protected or under-studied species.
Fungi of Novosibirsk region, a fast-growing website devoted to fungi of the whole Ob basin, has been accumulating data on species finds from KhMAO (Tatiana M. Bulyonkova).
The whole territory of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug is strongly bogged, with peatlands covering up to 70% of the area. The fungal communities of peatlands have been studied in many aspects, including the diversity of macrofungi, microfungi on different litter debris of bog plants, yeasts on Sphagnum and bog plants, lignicolous fungi of the bog trees (Scots pine).
The lichens represent a large part of fungal diversity described for the region. The lichen mycota was described in several conservation areas, with the highest diversity revealed in the North Ural mountains reaching around 900 species within a relatively small area (Nelly V. Sedelnikova).
The species diversity of myxomycetes was covered by two studies in conservation areas (Konstantin A. Fefelov).
Fungal conservation programs started in the region beginning from the publication of the first Red list of fungi (2003). Henceforth, the knowledge about rare species has been accumulating during the consequent total diversity studies and narrower rare species monitoring programs. The second improved edition of Red list of fungi (2013) includes 53 species of fungi and 29 species of lichens.