- BIBLIOGRAPHY of Mycological publications in Yugra (pdf)
- COLLECTION of Mycological publications in Yugra (Endnote XML, archive)
- FUNGAL RECORDS DATABASE OF YUGRA
Lignicolous basidiomycetes are a well-studied ecological group in the region. Viktor A. Mukhin analyzed the geography and ecology of lignicolous basidiomycetes throughout all zones of Western Siberia from the forest-steppe zone in the South to tundra-steppe in the North. He theorized on the geographic aspect of the possible origin of the local mycota, outlined species distribution ranges and analyzed ecological factors affecting them (e.g. humidity, temperature, substrate specialization, or interspecific competition). Communities of lignicolous fungi were analyzed based on forest types: dark coniferous, light coniferous, broad-leaved, small-leaved or floodplain forest communities. The stages of wood decomposition in Western Siberia are described and characterized by the sets of species of the corresponding fungal community. Finally, rare species, for the whole territory or its particular habitats and zones were revealed, with conservation recommendations.
Stanislav P. Arefyev and Iraida V. Stavishenko continued the research of lignicolous basidiomycetes in the region. They have contributed greatly to the study of species diversity in most of the region’s conservation areas and performed ecological monitoring in the areas of oil and gas extraction. I.V. Stavishenko described in detail the lignicolous macrofungi of the middle-taiga Ob basin region in her PhD thesis. S.P. Arefyev used mathematical methods of ecological modeling to predict species composition of lignicolous fungi depending on substrate characteristics, climate and disturbance level of the forest.
A variety of forest- and phytopathological studies have been carried out in the region. Stanislav P. Arefyev studied fungal pathogens of the Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica) and described the ecological causes of the diseases along with recommendations on afforestation of Siberian pine cultures. Tatiana A. Makarova with co-authors made studies on the causes and extent of the mycopathological diseases of urban spaces around the city of Surgut and in some other parts of the region.
Terricolous macrofungi are a key ecological group of saprotrophs and ectomycorrhizal species. The diversity of macrofungi was studied in a number of districts in KhMAO: the most thoroughly studied area is centered around the regional capital, Khanty-Mansiysk, and in the south-east part, in and near the Yuganskiy nature reserve). Nina V. Filippova with co-authors has been researching the species diversity and fungal community structure in forests near Khanty-Mansiysk while Elena A. Zvyagina with co-authors continuously monitors the fungal biodiversity in the Yuganskiy nature reserve. Anton G. Shiryaev has published a study of clavarioid basidiomycetes in a conservation area. In addition to annotated species lists, specific aspects of ecology, biology and abundance were described in separate works for some rare and protected or under-studied species.
Fungi of Novosibirsk region, a fast-growing website devoted to fungi of the whole Ob basin, has been accumulating data on species finds from KhMAO (Tatiana M. Bulyonkova).
The whole territory of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug is strongly bogged, with peatlands covering up to 70% of the area. The fungal communities of peatlands have been studied in many aspects, including the diversity of macrofungi, microfungi on different litter debris of bog plants, yeasts on Sphagnum and bog plants, lignicolous fungi of the bog trees (Scots pine).
The lichens represent a large part of fungal diversity described for the region. The lichen mycota was described in several conservation areas, with the highest diversity revealed in the North Ural mountains reaching around 900 species within a relatively small area (Nelly V. Sedelnikova).
The species diversity of myxomycetes was covered by two studies in conservation areas (Konstantin A. Fefelov).
Fungal conservation programs started in the region beginning from the publication of the first Red list of fungi (2003). Henceforth, the knowledge about rare species has been accumulating during the consequent total diversity studies and narrower rare species monitoring programs. The second improved edition of Red list of fungi (2013) includes 53 species of fungi and 29 species of lichens.
The figure shows a cloud of words that resulted from the analysis of the Titles of mycological publications in Yugra. To compile the graph, Ilya Filipov used the following algorithm: the tokenization (normalization) of the Russian text was made using a morphological analyzer for Python – the pymorphy2 library; a word cloud is built using the worldcloud library.
See detailed information in publications:
Filippova N.V., Arefyev S.P., Bulyonkova T.M., Zvyagina E.A., Kapitonov V.I., Makarova T.A., Mukhin V.A., Stavishenko I.V., Tavshanzhi E.I., Shiryaev A.G. 2017. The history of mycological studies in Khanty-Mansi autonomous okrug: 1) the period of isolated studies, lignicolous basidiomycetes and phytopathological studies // Environmental dynamics and global climate change. V. 8. No. 2. P. 18-28. (http://journals.eco-vector.com/EDGCC/article/view/7132) [in Russian with English abstract]
Filippova N.V., Arefyev S.P., Bulyonkova T.M., Zvyagina E.A., Kapitonov V.I., Makarova T.A., Mukhin V.A., Stavishenko I.V., Tavshanzhi E.I., Shiryaev A.G. 2017. The history of mycological studies in Khanty-Mansi autonomous okrug: 2) study of Macromycetes, Lichens and Myxomycetes, state of mycological collections and fungal records database // Environmental dynamics and global climate change. V. 8. No. 2. P. 29-45. (http://journals.eco-vector.com/EDGCC/article/view/7134) [in Russian with English abstract]
Last update: 16.02.2019