The exsiccates from Murmansk region received

An exchange of Exsiccates is important tradition between Herbaria designed to distribute collections among researches and increase safety of the specimens. Up to date, we have not made our own Exsiccates and have not received them from other organizations. Now the first exchange was made with the Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems of the North of the Kola Science Center of the RAS (INEP). They sent to us 13 specimens of Aphyllophoraceous fungi as an exchange. We will form our feedback soon according to the request of the groups of their interest.

We could also make Exsiccates of our Fungarium in future. This would require publication of the list of specimens, specimen preparation and dispatch to required list of organizations. The algorithm should be worked out and the cross-border shipment problems should be solved before.

P.s.: думала что для такого типа обмена в Specify нужно использовать Exchange In, создала такой объект, но не смогла привязать к соответствующему списку образцов. Буду узнавать как это работает, а пока внесла все метаданные о получении эксикатов в таблицу Поступления (Accession) (YSU-F-001).

An exchange between Herbaria: an important tradition has been started

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New books in actual (paper) library

ПОПОЛНЕНИЯ В БУМАЖНОЙ БИБЛИОТЕКЕ!

Из поездки на Конференцию привезла несколько книг в библиотеку Фунгария + накопилось за предыдущее время: обновила каталог и добавила новых гостей на книжную полку.

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Замечательное иллюстрированное научно-популярное издание о флоре и экологии грибов от Юлии Химич (мы ходили на экскурсию в гербарий Института  проблем промышленной экологии севера КНЦ РАН, Апатиты):

Химич, Ю.Р., Руколайнен, А.В., Предтеченская, О.О., 2016. Грибы заповедника “Пасвик” [Fungi of Pasvik Nature Reserve]. НП “Голос губернии,” Рязань.

Сергей Большаков привез в подарок из БИНа несколько монографий по региональным флорам:

  1. Малышева, В.Ф., Малышева, Е.Ф., 2008. Высшие базидиомицеты лесных и луговых экосистем Жигулей. Товарищество научных изданий КМК, СПб.
  2. Волобуев, С.В., 2015. Афиллофороидные грибы Орловской области: таксономический состав, распространение, экология: Монография. Издательство “Лань,” СПб.
  3. Ежов, О.Н., Ершов, Р.В., Руколайнен, А.В., Змитрович, И.В., 2011. Афиллофоровые грибы заповедника “Пинежский.” РИО УроРАН, Екатеринбург.
  4. Ежов, О.Н., 2013. Афиллофоровые грибы Архангельской области. Екатеринбург.

Три научно-популярных книжки от Елены Дмитриевны: первая куплена в поездке в Крым, и две старые книжки из ее личной библиотеке переданы в нашу:

  1. Саркина, И.С., 2013. Грибы знакомые и незнакомые. Справочник-определитель грибов Крыма. Бизнес-Информ, Симферополь.
  2. Hennig, B., Kreisel, H., 1987. Taschenbuch fur pilzfreunde, Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag. ed. Jena.
  3. Клан, Я., 1984. Грибы. Артия, Прага.

Четыре учебника по Микологии и фитопатологии ввиду необходимости вести этот курс в 2018 году у магистрантов кафедры биологии ЮГУ:

  1. Дьяков, Ю.Т. (Ed.), 2012. Фундаментальная фитопатология. КРАСАНД, М.
  2. Дьяков, Ю.Т., 2012. Занимательная микология. Книжный дом “ЛИБРОКОМ,” Москва.
  3. Переведенцева, Л.Г., 2012. Микология. Грибы и грибоподобные организмы.
  4. Дьяков, Ю.Т., Еланский, С.Н., 2016. Общая фитопатология. Издательство Юрайт, М.
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IT in botany conference is coming!

A long-awaited conference on information technologies in collections management is coming and i am preparing to participate.

Apatity, Murmansk Province, March, 28–31, 2017
Conference web page
The conference PROGRAM

The full conference name is International Conference «The use of modern information technologies in botanical investigations».

There are three sections:

  • Section «Information Systems and databases»
  • Section «Modern information technologies in the data processing»
  • Section «The use of remote sensing methods in the vegetation mapping and biodiversity studies»

but the second one is the most interesting in the context of Fungarium organization and functioning. And several round tables are also going to discuss important questions of databases organization.

My report will be focused on YSU Fungarium organization and collection content and our database in Specify; and i hope to share with colleagues the experience of collection management and work in Specify. It will be also helpful to discuss problems of fungal collections databases in Russia in general and what system we are going to adhere in future (there is no common database presently and different institutions are managing their own products). Some problems with our database (like Taxonomical tree organization, pictures management etc.) could be discussed and solved as well.

The abstracts of the conference papers will be published and distributed at the event. But i also decided to publish the report here in blog (that differs from the abstract and has presentation picture in it) so that i could save it for future.

FUNGARIUM OF YUGRA STATE UNIVERSITY AND ITS DATABASE presentation (pdf) [in Russian]

The conference administrators warned us about bright sun at this time of year in Apatity (while snow cover is still staying). So, hoping to come back a little tanned from the conference..^)

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Mushroom rain?..

There is a type of rain (in Russian at least, it is literally called “Mushroom rain” – Грибной дождь) which is said to be linked to mushroom fruiting and therefore, the beginning of mushroom hunt. It is short drizzling warm rain that also alternates with sunny intervals. These mushrooms should be quite exigent and are not devoid of artistic talents. Are they?..

Perhaps i will know more about this Mushroom rain believability soon, as i am currently processing the meteorological data which accumulated during several years of MFS existence. There are 300 data series already!!! A jubilee!! 🙂 But most of them were not preprocessed at all and there are a lot of gaps due to absence of regular control and organization. We can do better in future, i believe.

There are many interesting parameters in terms of fungi which are collected in Mukhrino bog and in nearby forest: air temperature, soil temperature, humidity and heat flux, precipitation, and others. Therefore i hope that this temporal change of profession will be useful in some sense.

This page made for the mukhrinostation website but temporarily will be here on Fungarium site as well: https://fungariumysu.org/weather-station/

Meteorological station Mukhrino

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Collection outcome of the last field season

The collection of 2016 field season reached 1048 specimens! – having finished the import of collections metadata into Specify i have made some calculations and pictures. The beginning of the season was quite pure due to dry weather (75 specimens in June). An equal number of specimens was collected in July and August (257 and 267 spec.). And finally long-awaited rains in September made the baskets full (and 1050 collection specimens in fungarium drawers). It is strange and funny to see that my collection yield did not have an uniform curve, but oscillating between probably ..very inspired and slightly tired days.. 🙂

There was a few collection work in June, equally rich July & August and very busy September

A funny graph showing my oscillatory collecting effort

Relating to different vegetation types, the most of collections made from pure coniferous and coniferous with deciduous trees forests. About 10% of collections was made in predominantly Aspen forests and 5% in Birch forests. Collections from bogs, bogged forests and cutting sites made about 10% in sum.

Number of collections made in different vegetation types

What do you expect about richness of Genera in this collection? – i would guess Cortinaria of course, Russula was quite abundant in mid-summer, also Mycena‘s, Clitocybe‘s, Entoloma‘s always collected since difficulties with in situ identification; plus surprisingly 105 specimens of Pluteus (luckily Tanya likes them).

Number of collections by Genera, leading are Cortinaria & Russulas:)

Here are some statistics about different preparations numbers: besides 1048 dried specimens, about 1000 macrophoto was made in studio, 280 photos made in situ. The last type of photographs is more time consuming but more valuable for different purposes. Some small fraction of collections was microscopied in fresh (vital) state and their pictures also stored in Specify.

The type and number of preparations made

The total Fungarium collection reached about 4,5 thousands. The database in Specify online will be updated (going to pass it from my computer to server soon). And the fresh collection, currently sorted by numbers, should be rearranged by taxa and hopefully identified during this winter.

This season collection storage (sorted by collection numbers)

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ShapDiv 2016 – first results

Finished field season, i am currently processing the field notes and transferring all data into the databases. Most of the past field season was devoted to studying communities of Larger fungi in vicinities of Shapsha village. We call this project Shapdiv (abbreviation of Shapsha diversity). It is the second year already spent working on the same 10 plots and thus some comparative analysis could be done between years. The methodology of work and first year results were described in detail in our going soon paper (Filippova, Bulyonkova, The diversity of larger fungi in the vicinities of Khanty-Mansiysk; under review currently).

10 plots were established in different types of forests corresponding to different stages of post-felling succession (plus one plot in bogged forest on peat). The plots were regularly visited during the season and all fungal bodies were collected and counted. Plot visits were supplemented by random walks in proximity to find rare species and habitats. Total collection of 2015 reached 1500 specimens and revealed large diversity of 463 species. We had not performed quantitative analysis and comparison of different communities based on 2015 season. There was not enough time to make this work, the next season come quickly, and now had passed. Thus, quantitative analysis will be done for two years at once.

There is still a lot of work with identification of collection-2016. But now i want to make the first sketch of the fruiting dynamics between two years and present in an album the photographs of the habitats. The weather conditions of two years (2015 and 2016) were very contrast: extremely wet and cold 2015 and dry and hot 2016. The substantial rains started only in the end of August-September in 2016 and the autumn was longer. The fruiting responded to these conditions very distinctly:

Abundance of fruiting by months and total annual yield.

I had not visited the plots in May in 2016 due to my absence in Khanty-Mansiysk (but fruiting in this month is very poor anyway). Following three months (June-August) in 2016 were very poor due to drought, fruiting decreased compared to 2015 by 45-78%. The rains started by the end of August triggered abundant fruiting in September (whilst in 2015 the first frosts in mid-September reduced the fruiting). Thereby, September in 2016 was twice more fruitful compared to 2015. Nevertheless, total abundance of wet 2015 year  was  larger by 30%.

Annual yields in different plots and vegetation types.

Interesting picture above shows comparison of total annual abundance between plots, with increase/decrease shown in %. It is the subject of future statistical analysis and discussions yet, but prior picture shows weak decrease in coniferous and larger decrease of fruiting in deciduous forest in 2016 compared to 2015. (only one plot in coniferous forest – Plot 2 – which is located on slope, has a larger decrease) Conversely,  the paludified (bogged) forest fruited more during the dry season of 2016. Perhaps it’s not a new discovery, as i found this in an old Mushroom guide:

Закономерно, что плодоносящие грибницы в сухие годы смещаются на более влажные участки, во влажные годы – в сухие места. (Практический справочник грибника. 1992г.)

.. 🙂 but still interesting to see these pictures.

And below is the album where i started to collect the photographs of habitats where the study is performed. This could be an important supplement to the data published in our paper and for future publications:

My transport to visit the plots, which are located between 1 and 5 km from the village.
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Fruiting in the bog results 2016

October frosts stopped the season of fungal fruiting and now it is time to draw some conclusions. This post will be about our project on Fungal fruiting dynamics in ombrotrophic bog, that was started in Mukhrino in 2015. Now we have two years of observations on permanent plots located along the boardwalks.

These circular plots were located along the boardwalk to prevent damage of the bog during regular visits. The plots markings are fixed on the boardwalk, and i am using a bent stick = compass to draw the borders of each plot (two semicircles by two sides of the walkway) and counting the fruitbodies inside the borders. The area of each plot is 5 m2, they are located about 5 m apart from each other, and total area of observation equals about 1400 m2 (277 plots). The habitats of treed bogs and open hallows are represented in equal proportion. It takes me near 5 hours to study the plots going from one plot to the next, counting bodies and collecting if necessary in collection, then removing them all to prevent recount next week. These observations were held once a week from the beginning to the end of vegetation season (May-October).

When someone asks me, what i am doing with my compass drawing semicircles on the bog surface, and i don’t want to give a straight answer, i say that i am showing them (fungi) where to grow :).

A plastic compas is used to draw the plots borders

Equally 14 visits were made during seasons 2015 and 2016. From the environmental parameters, temperature of air, soil (peat), and precipitation were measured in the site. And there are several other parameters measured by the Mukhrino meteo-station, which could be pulled into the analysis if necessary (radiation, soil heat flux, atmospheric pressure etc.). Thus, using the data about fruiting and weather parameters we could model the parameters of fungal fruiting in the bog.

The first analysis of fruiting dynamics in 2015 was made in our short descriptive paper and in an oral report and a presentation during the conference:
Presentation:  On the phenology of larger fungi in raised bogs: first year permanent plots monitoring results (pdf).
An oral report: (pdf, in Russian)

Finally (as we have two years of observations) i hope we could use some statistics to study the relations between fruiting and weather parameters. However, two years is only small period compared to decades of observations (for example, in Sweden: Büntgen U., Kauserud H., Egli S. 2011 Linking climate variability to mushroom productivity and phenology).

Here are some quantitative results of fruiting – 2016 in the bog:
Total accumulated number of fruitbodies during vegetation season / 1000 m2 – 2452 (2015) and 3736 (2016)
Maximum yield month – August (1294, 2015) and September (3061, 2016)
End of fruiting season – 14 September (2015) and 27 September (2016)
Number of registered species – 52 (2015) and 50 (2016)

And some pictures and graphs below:

Plots location along the boardwalks, view from the air
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